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Home> Staff > Marlene Laruelle

 

 


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Dr. Marlene Laruelle
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Expertise
- Comparative Politics and Political Philosophy
- Nationalism and National Identities in Central Asia and Russia
- Political elites, economic decision-makers, and clans in Central Asia
- Eurasianist Ideologies and Policies in the Post-Soviet countries
- Geopolitical Conceptions of the local elites in Russia and Central Asia
- Russian and Central Asian foreign policy think tanks
- Russian policy towards Central Asia
- The rise of Chinese influence in Russia and mutual perceptions between China and Russia

 

     

Marlene Laruelle
Senior Research Fellow

Marlene Laruelle is a Senior Research Fellow with the Central Asia and Caucasus Institute & Silk Road Studies Program. For 2008, she is a Principal Investigator for the project “Coping with the Russo-Chinese Competition in Central Asia: Local Perspectives and Strategies”, granted by the Smith Richardson Foundation. Her main areas of expertise are Nationalism, national identities, political philosophy, intellectual trends and geopolitical conceptions of local elites in Russia and Central Asia. She has expertise in Russian and Central Asian foreign policy think tanks and academia, and in Russian policy towards Central Asia.

Laruelle is the author or co-author of four books in French: Russian Eurasianism. An Imperial Ideology (1999); The Aryan Myth and Imperial Dream in Tsarist Russia (2005); and, with Sébastien Peyrouse, Russians in Kazakhstan: National Identities and New States in the Post-Soviet Space (2004), and Central Asia, the Drift Towards Authoritarianism (2006). She is the editor of three volumes in French, Islam and Politics in the former Soviet Union (2005), The Red and the Black: The Far Right and Nationalism in Russia (2006), and Building Statehood: Socialism and Nation in (Post)Communist countries (2007), and three volumes in Russian on contemporary Russian Nationalism.

Her articles have appeared in numerous academic and journals such as Nationalities Papers, Central Asian Survey, Current trends in Islamist Ideologies, The China and Eurasia Forum Quarterly, Kritika, Nations and Nationalism, Diogenes; in French in Cahiers du monde russe, Revue d'Etudes Comparatives Est-Ouest, Cahiers d’Asie centrale, La Revue internationale et stratégique, Politique internationale, Cahiers d'Etudes de la Méditerranée Orientale Turque et Iranienne, Revue des études slaves; in Russian in Vestnik Evrazii, Ab Imperio, Etnograficheskoe obozrenie, Neprikosnovennyi zapas.

Her book in English, The Quest for an Imperial Identity: Eurasianism in Contemporary Russia, will be published by the Woodrow Wilson Press and John Hopkins University Press in 2008.

Laruelle holds a Ph.D. in Slavic Studies from the National Institute for Oriental Languages and Cultures in Paris. She also holds an M.A. in Political Science from Paris II-Assas University. She was a post-doctoral Fellow at the French Institute for Central Asian Studies in Tashkent (2002-2005) and a Research Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington (2005-2006). In Paris, she is an Associate Scholar at the French Center for Russian, Caucasian and East European Studies at the School of Advanced Social Sciences Studies. She is a member of the Editorial Board of Nationalities Papers, Central Eurasian Reader, and Cahiers d'Asie centrale.

Books
Marlene Laruelle, L'idéologie eurasiste russe ou comment penser l'empire, Paris, L'Harmattan, 1999, 423 p.
Marlene Laruelle, Mythe aryen et rêve impérial dans la Russie tsariste, Paris, cnrs-Editions, 2005, 223 p.
Marlene Laruelle and Sebastien Peyrouse, Les Russes du Kazakhstan. Identités nationales et nouveaux Etats dans l’espace postsoviétique, Maisonneuve & Larose, 2004, 354 p.
Marlene Laruelle and Sebastien Peyrouse, Asie centrale, la dérive autoritaire,Paris, Autrement – ceri, 2006, 142 p.

Edited volumes
Marlene Laruelle and Sebastien Peyrouse, eds., Islam et politique en ex-URSS (Russie d'Europe et Asie centrale),Paris: L'Harmattan, 2005, 338 p.
Marlene Laruelle, ed., Le rouge et le noir. Extrême droite et nationalisme en Russie, Paris: CNRS-Editions, 2007, 259 p.
Marlene Laruelle and Catherine Servant, eds., D’une édification l’autre. Nation et socialisme dans l’espace (post)communiste, Paris: Petra, 2007, 357 p.
Editor of three volumes in Russian on contemporary Russian Nationalism: Russian Nationalism in the political life of Russia (Moscow, INION, 2007), Contemporary Interpretations of Russian Nationalism (Stuttgart, Ibidem, 2007), Russian Nationalism: Social and Cultural Context (Moscow, NLO, 2007).

Articles in English
Marlene Laruelle, “Central Asian Labor Migrants in Russia: The "Diasporization" of the Central Asian States?,” The China and Eurasia Forum Quaterly, vol. 5, no. 3, 2007, pp. 101-119.
Marlene Laruelle, “Nationalism and Stalinism. The Concept of Ethnogenesis in Central Asia. Political Context and Institutional Mediators (1940-1950),” Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History, vol. 9, no. 1, Winter 2008.
Marlene Laruelle, “Alternative identity, alternative religion? Neo-paganism and the Aryan myth in contemporary Russia,” Nations and Nationalism, vol. 14, no. 1, Winter 2008.
Marlene Laruelle, “Religious Revival, Nationalism and the “Invention of Tradition”: Political Tengrism in Central Asia and Tatarstan,” Central Asian Survey, vol. 26, no. 2, 2007, pp. 203-216.
Marlene Laruelle, “The Struggle for the Soul of Tatar Islam,” Current trends in Islamist Ideologies, vol. 5, 2007, pp. 26-39.
Marlene Laruelle, “The Return of the Aryan Myth: Tajikistan in search for a Secularized National Ideology,” Nationalities Papers, vol. 35, no. 1, 2007, pp. 51-70.
Marlene Laruelle, Aleksandr Dugin: A Russian Version of the European Radical Right?, Kennan Institute Occasional Papers, no. 294, 2006, 32 p.
Marlene Laruelle, “The Orient in Russian Thought at the Turn of the Century,” in D. Shlapentokh (ed.), Russia between East and West. Scholarly Debates on Eurasianism, Leiden – Boston, Brill, 2006, pp. 9-38.
Marlene Laruelle, “The Ethnic Atlas of Uzbekistan in the Context of the Contemporary Institutional Situation in Post-Soviet Uzbek Ethnology,” Anthropology & Archeology of Eurasia. A Journal of translations. Vol.44, no. 4, Spring 2006, pp.70-74.
Marlene Laruelle, “The Discipline of Culturology: A New "Ready-made Thought" for Russia?,” Diogenes, no. 204, 2004, pp. 21-36.
Marlene Laruelle, “The Two Faces of Contemporary Eurasianism. An Imperial Version of the Russian Nationalism,” Nationalities Papers, no. 1, 2004, pp. 115-136.

Working Papers and other articles
Marlene Laruelle, “Alexandr Dugin: an ‘Eurasianist’ view on Chechnya and the North Caucasus,” Chechnya Weekly, The Jamestown Foundation, vol. 8, no. 6, February 8, 2007.
Marlene Laruelle, “Le Retour de la Russie en Asie centrale,” Politique internationale, no. 115, printemps 2007, pp. 377-391.
Marlene Laruelle, “Russie-Ouzbékistan : le rapprochement énergétique et ses cercles décisionnels,” Foreign Policy (French Edition), no. 3, 2007.
Marlene Laruelle, “Tengrism: in search for Central Asia’s Spiritual Roots,” Central Asia and Caucasus Analyst, Johns Hopkins University, March 22, 2006.
Marlene Laruelle, “Le Nouveau rôle de la Russie en Asie centrale : les migrations de travail des Centre-asiatiques vers la Fédération russe,” La Revue internationale et stratégique, no. 64, 2006, pp. 133-141.
Marlene Laruelle, “La question des Russes du proche-étranger en Russie (1991-2006),” Étude du ceri, Paris, ceri, no. 126, May 2006, 38 p.
Marlene Laruelle, “Rodina : les mouvances nationalistes russes, du loyalisme a l’opposition,” Kiosque du ceri, Paris, May 2006.
Marlene Laruelle and Sebastien Peyrouse, “Asie centrale, la dérive autoritaire,” Notes de la Fondation pour la Recherche Stratégique, Paris, Fondation for Strategic Research, no. 3, 2006.
Marlene Laruelle, “Russian Culturology or the Reincarnation of Marxism?,” Washington Profile, April 22, 2006.
Marlene Laruelle, “Two questions to four experts on Central Asia,” Washington Profile, November 25, 2005.

Book Chapters
Marlene Laruelle, “La politica americana in Uzbekistan: un impergno esistante ?,” in A. Colombo (ed.), La sfida americana. Europa, Medio Oriente e Asia orientaledi fronte all’egemonia globale degli Stati Uniti, Milan: CEMISS-IPSI, 2006, pp. 79-99.
Marlene Laruelle and Sebastien Peyrouse, “Les processus globaux de recomposition identitaire et religieuse : l'islam post-soviétique,” in M. Laruelle, S. Peyrouse (ed.), Islam et politique en ex-URSS (Russie d’Europe et Asie centrale), Paris, L'Harmattan - IFEAC, 2005, co-authored with Sébastien Peyrouse, pp. 15-37.
Marlene Laruelle, “L’Appartenance à l’islam comme critère politique ? La politisation des Directions spirituelles et la constitution de partis musulmans en Russie”, in M. Laruelle, S. Peyrouse (eds.) Islam et politique en ex-urss (Russie d’Europe et Asie centrale), Paris, L'Harmattan, ifeac, 2005, pp. 85-115.
Marlene Laruelle and Sebastien Peyrouse, “Nouvelles formulations idéologiques et théologiques de l'islam post-soviétique,” in M. Laruelle and S. Peyrouse (eds.), Islam et politique en ex-URSS (Russie d’Europe et Asie centrale), Paris, L'Harmattan - IFEAC, 2005, co-authored with Sébastien Peyrouse, pp. 273-295.