Organized Crime and Security in Eurasia
During the latter part of
the 20th century, illegal drug production
for Western markets has developed and consolidated
in various parts of Asia.
The near entirety of the heroin consumed in Europe originates
in Afghanistan, with major individual and societal problems in
the countries of consumption. However, the
production and smuggling of heroin causes
even worse problems in the production and transit countries. In the states along
the smuggling routes, narcotics affect the
general health conditions of the population,
with severe diseases including HIV/AIDS
as a result. It also contributes to crime
and social conflicts, exacerbates corruption and threatens sovereignty,
fuels extremism and terrorism, and plays an important role in civil wars.
Recognizing that the drug trade has grown
to become a major multi-faceted security
threat to large
parts of the region and a challenge to the interests of the United States and Europe, the Central Asia-Caucasus Institute and Silk Road Studies Program is conducting a multi-year research project
on the trade in illicit narcotics from Central
and Southeast Asia to Europe. The project
focuses on the societal
and political consequences of the drug trade, specifically studying four areas:
- The trafficking routes of Afghan opiates;
- The link between the drug trade and terrorism and conflict;
- The processes of state infiltration related to the drug trade;
- The financial aspects of the drug trade.
The project also has a sub-project on countering narcotics and organized crime in the Baltic Sea region.
For more information on the project and its results, please click on the tabs in the right hand margin. The project has led to numerous publications, which are available online here. In addition, the project has developed a Database on drugs in Eurasia, which is the first of its kind in providing detailed information on drug statistics in the countries of Eurasia. Based on this information, the project staff have prepared Country Factsheets on 17 regional countries.
Dr. Svante E. Cornell
Dr. Niklas L. P. Swanström
Dr. Anna Jonsson (on leave)
Mr. Walter Kegö, Senior Fellow
Dr. Erica Marat
Mr. Michael Jonsson
Mr. Klas Kärrstrand (Project Coordinator)
Swedish Emergency Management Agency (Krisberedskapsmyndigheten)
Swedish National Drug Policy Coordinator
(Mobilisering mot Narkotika)
Workshop in Tallinn on Countering Narcotics and Organized Crime in the Baltic Region, May 9-10,2007
Workshop in Riga, Latvia on Countering Narcotics and Organized Crime in the Baltic Region , December 12-13, 2006.
Workshop on the Organized Crime and Narcotics in the Baltic Sea Region, November 7-8, 2005
Conference on Narcotics and Organized Crime in the Baltic Sea region held in Stockholm, June 1-2, 2005
Conference on New Security Threats in Eurasia held in Stockholm, May 19-20, 2005